By Horst Rogalla, Peter H. Kes
Even 100 years after its discovery, superconductivity maintains to deliver us new surprises, from superconducting magnets utilized in MRI to quantum detectors in electronics. 100 Years of Superconductivity provides a finished choice of subject matters on approximately the entire subdisciplines of superconductivity. Tracing the ancient advancements in superconductivity, the e-book contains contributions from many pioneers who're answerable for vital steps ahead within the field.
The textual content first discusses fascinating tales of the invention and sluggish growth of thought and experimentation. Emphasizing key advancements within the early Fifties and Nineteen Sixties, the publication seems at how superconductivity began to permeate society and the way so much of today’s purposes are according to the suggestions of these years. It additionally explores the real revolution that happened with the invention of hot temperature superconductors, resulting in rising purposes in strength garage and fusion reactors.
Superconductivity has develop into an unlimited box and this full-color booklet indicates how some distance it has are available the earlier a hundred years. in addition to reviewing major learn and experiments, best scientists proportion their perception and studies operating during this interesting and evolving area.
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Additional resources for 100 years of superconductivity
1 1 29 50 50 The Discovery and Early History of Superconductivity Rudolf de Bruyn Ouboter, Dirk van Delft and Peter H. 1 The Real Story On July 10, 1908, in his laboratory at Leiden University, the great Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (1853–1926) experienced the most glorious moment of his career1 . That day, after 25 years of hard work and perseverance, of building up from scratch a cryogenic laboratory and organizing superb technical support to run it, he liquefied helium, opening up an entire new research field of low temperature physics.
The first entry about the liquid-helium experiments in notebook 56 is dated Saturday 12 March 1910. It describes the first attempt to transfer helium to a separate cryostat. 2. The only content of the cryostat consisted of a double-walled container in which an even smaller one was connected to an impressive battery of pumps. 1 K. The goal of the next experiment, four months later, was to continue measuring R(T ) for the Pt resistor that had previously been calibrated down to 14 K. But the experiment failed because the extra heat capacity of the built-in resistor caused violent boiling and rapid evaporation of the freshly transferred liquid helium.
The excitement spread quickly and widely. In Berlin Max Planck heard about it and wrote to Kamerlingh Onnes to express his amazement20 . Paul Ehrenfest, who had witnessed the experiment himself, told Lorentz that he was flabbergasted. “I attended a fascinating experiment at the laboratory. . Unsettling, to see the effect of this ‘permanent’ current on a magnetic needle. It is almost palpable, the way the ring of electrons goes round and round and round in the wire, slowly and virtually without friction”21 .