100 years of superconductivity by Horst Rogalla, Peter H. Kes

By Horst Rogalla, Peter H. Kes

Even 100 years after its discovery, superconductivity maintains to deliver us new surprises, from superconducting magnets utilized in MRI to quantum detectors in electronics. 100 Years of Superconductivity provides a finished choice of subject matters on approximately the entire subdisciplines of superconductivity. Tracing the ancient advancements in superconductivity, the e-book contains contributions from many pioneers who're answerable for vital steps ahead within the field.

The textual content first discusses fascinating tales of the invention and sluggish growth of thought and experimentation. Emphasizing key advancements within the early Fifties and Nineteen Sixties, the publication seems at how superconductivity began to permeate society and the way so much of today’s purposes are according to the suggestions of these years. It additionally explores the real revolution that happened with the invention of hot temperature superconductors, resulting in rising purposes in strength garage and fusion reactors.

Superconductivity has develop into an unlimited box and this full-color booklet indicates how some distance it has are available the earlier a hundred years. in addition to reviewing major learn and experiments, best scientists proportion their perception and studies operating during this interesting and evolving area.

Show description

Read or Download 100 years of superconductivity PDF

Similar solid-state physics books

The Art of Cryogenics: Low-Temperature Experimental Techniques

Cryogenics is the examine of low temperature interactions - temperatures good less than these present within the traditional universe. The booklet covers a wide spectrum of experimental circumstances, together with easy vacuum innovations, quintessential in cryogenics. information in fixing experimental difficulties and various numerical examples are given, as are examples of the functions of cryogenics in such components as underground detectors and house purposes.

Mathematical Theory of Symmetry in Solids: Representation Theory for Point Groups and Space Groups

This ebook provides the total concept of the irreducible representations of the crystallographic element teams and house teams. this is often vital within the quantum-mechanical research of a particle or quasi-particle in a molecule or crystalline sturdy as the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of a procedure belong to the irreducible representations of the crowd of symmetry operations of that approach.

Condensed Matter Physics

This moment version provides an up to date overview of the entire box of condensed subject physics. It consolidates new and vintage issues from disparate assets, educating not just concerning the potent lots of electrons in semiconductor crystals and band concept, but additionally approximately quasicrystals, dynamics of part separation, why rubber is extra floppy than metal, granular fabrics, quantum dots, Berry levels, the quantum corridor impression, and Luttinger beverages.

Graphene: Synthesis and Applications

Because the overdue twentieth century, graphene—a one-atom-thick planar sheet of sp2-bonded carbon atoms densely packed in a honeycomb crystal lattice—has garnered considerable realization as a possible next-generation digital fabric as a result of its unparalleled houses. those houses comprise excessive present density, ballistic delivery, chemical inertness, excessive thermal conductivity, optical transmittance, and large hydrophobicity at nanometer scale.

Additional resources for 100 years of superconductivity

Sample text

1 1 29 50 50 The Discovery and Early History of Superconductivity Rudolf de Bruyn Ouboter, Dirk van Delft and Peter H. 1 The Real Story On July 10, 1908, in his laboratory at Leiden University, the great Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (1853–1926) experienced the most glorious moment of his career1 . That day, after 25 years of hard work and perseverance, of building up from scratch a cryogenic laboratory and organizing superb technical support to run it, he liquefied helium, opening up an entire new research field of low temperature physics.

The first entry about the liquid-helium experiments in notebook 56 is dated Saturday 12 March 1910. It describes the first attempt to transfer helium to a separate cryostat. 2. The only content of the cryostat consisted of a double-walled container in which an even smaller one was connected to an impressive battery of pumps. 1 K. The goal of the next experiment, four months later, was to continue measuring R(T ) for the Pt resistor that had previously been calibrated down to 14 K. But the experiment failed because the extra heat capacity of the built-in resistor caused violent boiling and rapid evaporation of the freshly transferred liquid helium.

The excitement spread quickly and widely. In Berlin Max Planck heard about it and wrote to Kamerlingh Onnes to express his amazement20 . Paul Ehrenfest, who had witnessed the experiment himself, told Lorentz that he was flabbergasted. “I attended a fascinating experiment at the laboratory. . Unsettling, to see the effect of this ‘permanent’ current on a magnetic needle. It is almost palpable, the way the ring of electrons goes round and round and round in the wire, slowly and virtually without friction”21 .

Download PDF sample

Rated 5.00 of 5 – based on 27 votes