3D Laser Microfabrication: Principles and Applications by Sami Franssila

By Sami Franssila

A radical advent to 3D laser microfabrication know-how, major readers from the basics and thought to its a number of powerful functions, comparable to the new release of tiny items or three-d constructions in the bulk of obvious materials.The publication additionally offers new theoretical fabric on dielectric breakdown, permitting a greater figuring out of the variations among optical harm on surfaces and contained in the bulk, in addition to a glance into the future.Chemists, physicists, fabrics scientists and engineers will locate this a invaluable resource of interdisciplinary wisdom within the box of laser optics and nanotechnology.

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Misawa and S. Juodkazis Copyright  2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim ISBN: 3-527-31055-X 38 3 Spherical Aberration and its Compensation for High Numerical Aperture Objectives refractive indices mismatch condition. 2. 4, we will discuss the applications of this spherical aberration compensation method in 3D optical data storage and laser trapping, respectively, corresponding to typical focusing cases from low (high) to high (low) refractive index medium. 5. , a standard immersion media, a standard cover slip (if needed), and the correct laser light wavelength.

Note that this is the void size during the interaction, the final void forms after the reverse phase transition and cooling. 7 Properties of Shock-and-heat-affected Solid after Unloading Phase transformations in quartz, silica and glasses induced by strong shock waves have been studied for decades [see 36, 40 and references therein]. The pressure ranges for different phase transitions to occur under shock wave loading and unloading have been established experimentally and understood theoretically [40].

It can be seen that rays with different angles of incidence are focused at different positions on the axis. This feature implies that the diffraction light distribution is enlarged along the axial direction. A high-NA objective suffers from more distortion than does a low-NA one. This aberration function depends on the focus depth d, the refractive indices, the excitation wavelength and the angle of convergence of a ray, and can be written as [11, 12] Uðh1 ; h2 ; dÞ ¼ Àkdðn1 cosh1 À n2 cosh2 Þ (1) where h1 and h2 denote the angles of incidence and refraction, respectively, and are linked by Snell’s law.

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