By D. M. Bose, S.N. Sen, B. V. Subbarayappa
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E From the same Harappan phase we have the specimen of a vitreous paste,! an opaque glassy substance, having a chemical composition-silica-88'12 %, ferric oxide-3·20 %, calcium oxide1·82 %, alkali oxides-S·04% and cupric oxidc-Q'46 % and a few vitreous slabs of carnelian blue colour of more or less the same composition. Such vitreous paste and slabs were intended to be ground to powder and then used for glazing purposes. Glazed ivory shells, faience and pottery objects have been found in Mohenjo-daro.
B The Yajurvedins were the most active and prolific producers of this kind of literature. Among them again the TaittirIya school had an overwhelming leadership. 1yakesin of the Taittiriya school composed works on all the four departments of the KalpasQtras, whereas Vadhl1la, Bharadvaja and Vaikhanasa covered between two and three such departments. Similar services on a much reduced scale were rendered by Manava and Varaha for the Maitrayal}I school and by Katyayana for the VajasaneyI school. , serious difficulties arise as soon as the dating of the siltra literature is attempted.
This Black and Red ware in India was extensive both in space and time, and its full cultural significance is not yet understood. P. phase have been discovered in Prakash IICl and Bahal II towards the close of the chalcolithic period. Another important characteristic of peninsular India as well as of Ceylon is the pit a b (' cl 8 I , h , Ghosh and Panigrahi, pp. 55-59. j JAR, 1962-63. Lal (2), pp. 138-47. k JAR, 1963-64. JAR, 1953-54. l JAR, 1962-63; 1964-65. JAR, 1954-55. m JAR, 1955-56. JAR, 1962-63.