By Paul Bennett
The "Generalized word constitution Grammar" GPSG is a massive syntactic idea which has been followed through the computational linguistics international. this article assumes an introductory wisdom of syntactic thought and covers the entire major constructs of the grammar.
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Extra resources for A Course In Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar GPSG
If lexical categories govern their complements, then the distinction between English and Japanese (cf. (22) and 23)) would be captured by saying that in English lexical categories govern to their right, and in Japanese to their left. Alternatively, we could say that English is a headinitial language, and Japanese a head-final language. e. determine whether their language was head-initial or head-final. Presumably, comparable statements (though not formulated in terms of government) would account for the order of level-one ([X, 1]) categories and their modifiers.
V], [−N], [BAR 2], [+SUBJ], [+COMP]} An ID-rule to rewrite Sbar would be (27a), or the equivalent (27b). (27) a. S[+COMP] Comp, S[−COMP] b. V2[+SUBJ, +COMP] COMP, V2[+SUBJ, −COMP] Perhaps it will be useful if we close this section by displaying the structure we would now assign to a simple example, giving both (fairly) full and (partially) abbreviated versions (28) (next page). 3 Subcategorization Now that we have a fully fledged feature-based syntax, we can return to the treatment of Subcategorization (cf.
Previous page page_29 next page > < previous page page_30 next page > Page 30 (18) a. V0 - N2 b. V0 - S c. V0 - N2 - P2 - S d. V0 - P2 - N2 - S The two possibilities for N2 and P2 (18c, d) are allowed by (17). Our other example is from Makua, spoken in Tanzania (Gazdar et al. 1985: p. 48). Within verb phrases, many orders are possible (we have not given all the possibilities here): (19) a. V0 - S b. V0 - N2 c. N2 - V0 d. V0 - N2 - P2 e. P2 - N2 - V0 f. V0 - N2 - S g. V0 - S - N2 h. N2 - V0 - S The only constraint that holds is that the verb must precede the embedded S, and this is easily statable: (20) V0 S In addition to enabling generalizations to be stated, then, ID/LP format makes it easier to describe languages with greater freedom of constituent order.