A grammar of the Kaffir language by William B Boyce; William J Davis

By William B Boyce; William J Davis

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In a classic order typology, Yagua should be characterized as a verb initial language. Chapter Three Clausal Phenomena In a sense this chapter is the "elsewhere" case. Here I discuss major structural clause types and facts of clause structure which are not specifically concerned with structure of the noun and adpositional phrase (Chapter 4), noun phrase morphology (Chapter 5), or verb phrase and verbal morphology (Chapter 6). Some facts pertinent to clause-level structure are presented in Chapter 6, namely those concerned with order of object arguments in clauses with certain complex verbs.

Pragmatic factors also determine occurrence of elements in the PM position. Occurrence of elements in the PM position, rather than in post-verbal position, is not strictly meaning preserving since different pragmatic force is associated with different orders. 1). 6, Chapter 7). Some might suggest these are not part of the strictly "grammatical " structure, and thus the "grammar" need not account for them. g. 6. Another drawback to the structure in (22) is that it may suggest that elements in PM somehow have scope over C.

3. Theories of order correspondences 21 could not have gone through a highly inconsistent, though possibly rare, stage. At best, the UCH can only be taken as a probability statement. 4. Identification of basic constituent order Langacker (1977) states: In discussing "basic" word [constituent] order, three related but separate notions must be clearly distinguished: "most neutral word order", "most common word order", and "underlying word order" (24). In the typological tradition exemplified by Greenberg, Mallinson and Blake (1981), Hawkins, and others, basic constituent order is generally taken as some sort of confluence between Langacker's "most neutral word order" and "most common word order".

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